Canadian and American Falls View
Canadian and American Falls View

The Canadian & Horseshoe Falls

You’ll rarely find a site as breathtaking and majestic as Niagara Falls! Located in a strait between Lake Ontario and Lake Erie, and shared by the United States and Canada, the Falls have become a popular vacation spot for families and honeymooners alike.

Horseshoe "Canadian" Falls

Did you know that the Horseshoe Falls, also known as the Canadian Falls, is one of the most iconic waterfalls in the world? Here are some fascinating facts about this natural wonder:

  1. Formation: The Horseshoe Falls were formed approximately 12,000 years ago during the last ice age. The tremendous force of the water carved out the Niagara Gorge, creating this breathtaking waterfall.

  2. Size: The Horseshoe Falls measures approximately 167 feet (51 meters) in height and spans an impressive 2,600 feet (792 meters) across. It is the largest of the three waterfalls that collectively form Niagara Falls.

  3. Water Flow: The average flow rate over the Horseshoe Falls is around 600,000 gallons (2,271,247 liters) per second, making it one of the most powerful waterfalls in North America.

  4. Name Origin: The name "Horseshoe Falls" derives from its distinctive shape, which resembles that of a horseshoe.

  5. Erosion: Over time, the constant erosion caused by the powerful force of the falling water has resulted in the retreat of the Horseshoe Falls. It is estimated to erode at a rate of approximately 1 foot (0.3 meters) per year.

  6. Tourist Attraction: The Horseshoe Falls is a major tourist attraction, drawing millions of visitors from around the world each year. Visitors can experience the falls up close from various vantage points, including observation decks and boat tours.

American Falls

The American Falls, while slightly smaller in comparison to the Horseshoe Falls, is equally captivating. Here are some intriguing facts about this remarkable waterfall:

  1. Location: The American Falls is located entirely within the United States, straddling the border between the state of New York and the province of Ontario, Canada.

  2. Height: The American Falls measures approximately 180 feet (55 meters) in height, making it slightly taller than the Horseshoe Falls. However, its width is considerably narrower, spanning around 1,060 feet (323 meters) across.

  3. Formation: Like the Horseshoe Falls, the American Falls were also formed during the last ice age. The relentless force of the water cascading over the edge continues to shape the landscape of Niagara Falls.

  4. Debris and Ice Bridges: The large amount of debris at the base of the American Falls often creates natural ice bridges during the winter months. These ice formations attract adventurous tourists and photographers seeking unique views of the falls.

  5. Dewatering: In 1969, a temporary dam was constructed upstream of the American Falls as part of an erosion control project. This resulted in the diversion of water away from the falls, revealing the bare rock surface underneath—a rare sight that has only occurred a few times in history.

  6. Attractions: Visitors to the American Falls can enjoy various attractions and activities, including scenic viewpoints, walking trails, and the famous Maid of the Mist boat tour, which takes passengers right up to the base of the falls for an exhilarating experience.

Whether you're marveling at the grandeur of the Horseshoe Falls or admiring the rugged beauty of the American Falls, Niagara Falls offers an unforgettable experience that truly showcases the power and wonder of nature.

Niagara Falls Attractions

The best ways to see the Falls

Niagara Falls Gallery

Breathtaking photos of the Falls

Niagara Falls Live Cam

See the Falls live anytime, anywhere

Facts and History

The history of Niagara Falls and the area