Tuesday Trivia: Niagara and the War of 1812


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Welcome to Tuesday Trivia! I will tackle you with questions on varying subjects on our amazing city of Niagara Falls, Canada to challenge your knowledge on how much you know about this amazing city. Today’s topic is Niagara and the War of 1812….let’s go!
1. How long was the War of 1812?
A) 2 years.
B) 3 years.
C) 4 years.
D) 5 years.
Answer: B. The war of 1812 lasted for three years and a few months. The United States declared war on Britain on June 19,1812. The Treaty of Ghent, signed on December 25, 1814, ended the War of 1812, but it wasn’t until January 8, 1815, at the Battle of New Orleans, that the last battle was fought.
2. Major General Isaac Brock was shot and killed at which battle in Niagara?
A) Battle of Queenston Heights.
B) Battle of Chippawa.
C) Battle of Lundy’s Lane.
D) Battle of Beaverdams.
Answer: A. Major General Isaac Brock  found himself in the middle of the battle as the American infantry led by Captain John Wood had been able to sneak up the escarpment to near the top of Queenston Heights. However, during this charge in an attempt to retake the Redan Battery at Queenston Heights, Major General Isaac Brock was shot by an American marksman who had hidden behind a tree. Brock was shot in the chest with a musket ball at close range. He fell to the ground mortally wounded on October 13, 1812. 
War of 1812
3. The “largest and bloodiest battle” of 1812 was where?
A) Battle of Newark.
B) Battle of Fort George.
C) The Capture of York.
D) Battle of Lundy’s Lane.
Answer: D. The Battle of Lundy’s Lane was one of the deadliest battles ever fought on Canadian soil, with high casualties suffered on both sides. Nearly 1,800 men were killed, wounded or missing during the battle. As the Americans surged forward, the British army – which included the Canadian regular troops, militia and First Nations allies – fought valiantly to hold their position to prevent the American troops from moving further north.
The Battle of Lundy’s Lane is sometimes referred to as the Battle of Niagara Falls since the fighting occurred just two kilometres west of the falls.
Today, the battlegrounds at Lundy’s Lane are known as Drummond Hill, with the Drummond Hill Cemetery as the final resting place for many of the battle’s victims.
War of 1812
*Pictured Above: Drummond Hill Cemetery. Photo cred: Niagara Falls Library*
4. Who was the well-known Canadian Heroine of the War of 1812? 
A) Laura Secord.
B) Sarah Winer.
C) Maria Hill.
D) Mary Madden Henry.
Answer: A. While all of these women were considered heroine’s within the War of 1812, it was Laura Secord who became the well-known Canadian Heroine of the War of 1812. Secord’s husband, James Secord, served in the British Army, and was wounded at the Battle of Queenston Heights. On the evening of June 21, 1813, several American officers forced their way into the Secord home and while her husband lay wounded, they ordered Laura to serve them dinner. As the evening wore on, Secord overheard them boasting of their plans to crush the remaining British resistance in the area. Colonel Boerstler, head of the forces at Queenston Heights revealed plans to attack the British at Beaver Dams. Secord then walked for 18 hours and 20 miles to warn the British troops of the impending attack. She arrived on June 22, 1813 to relay her information and two days later, on June 24, 1813, British and Native troops intercepted the Americans and forced their surrender at the Battle of Beaver Dams.
5. Where was the first American victory on the Niagara Front during the War of 1812? 

A) Battle of Lundy’s Lane.
B) Battle of Fort George.
C) Battle of Beaver Dams
D) Battle of Queenston Heights.
Answer: B. On May 25-27, 1813, the Battle of Fort George was the first American victory on the Niagara Front during the War of 1812. General Henry Dearborn’s planned the attack on York first (Toronto), which was succeeded. He then wished to follow an attack on Fort George, the British fort at the northern end of the Niagara River, and finally by an attack on Kingston, the main British naval base on Lake Ontario. He had between 4000-5000 men to make his assault after the attack on York, leaving British Commander General John Vincent outnumbered and with little chance. Under his direct command at Fort George there were 1,000 men from the 8th and 9th Regiments of Foot, the Royal Newfoundland Regiment and the Glengarry Light Infantry Fencibles, supported by 300 militia. 
The American attack began on May 25th with a naval bombardment of Fort George. The wooden buildings inside the fort were set on fire. General Dearborn was ill on May 27th, and so Colonel Winfield Scott, his Adjutant General, took command of the landing. The British suffered 52 killed and 306 injured or missing. Vincent decided to abandon the fort and move out of range of the naval guns. The American forces used Fort George as a base to invade the rest of Upper Canada, but after seven months the fort was retaken in December by the British.

**
Niagara Falls War of 1812 sites and museums include:
Battle Ground Hotel Museum. Chippawa Battlefield, Laura Secord House, Lundy’s Lane Battlefield (Drummond Hill Cemetery), Niagara Falls History Museum, Willoughby Historical Museum.

On Saturday, July 11th and Sunday, July 12th, 2015, join in on this 202nd anniversary of the Battle of Fort George where re-enactors from all over North America will descend upon Fort George as they re-enact one of the pivotal events in Niagara during the War of 1812. Battle re-enactments will be scheduled on both Saturday and Sunday. Weekend programming including musket firings, artillery demonstrations, music presentations and more will be happening both days inside Fort George.

For more information call Parks Canada at 905-468-6614.

Keep up on Niagara events, activities, and things to do in this region by clicking here for a list of weekend activities throughout the year.

For accommodations close to all of Niagara Falls War of 1812 sites to learn about the History, there is no better hotel than the Clifton Hill Niagara Falls Inn. Click the image below for information and family fun packages:

War of 1812

things to do in Niagara Falls this weekend
Christine Lynn
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www.cliftonhill.com
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